US readies proposed African coastal security program
A top US military commander proposed American help in monitoring West Africa's Gulf of Guinea to secure an unstable
region that holds as much as 10 % of the world's oil reserves. Gen. Charles Wald, the deputy commander of the US
military's European Command for Europe and Africa, said he raised the offer in talks with West African and national
officials in Nigeria -- Africa's biggest oil producer and most populous nation.
A defence publication has said the United States was readying a proposed African Coastal Security Program to block pirates, smugglers and other criminals in the Gulf of Guinea and around Africa. The issue is being studied in preliminary feasibility surveys, European Command officials have told.
In Abuja, Nigeria's capital, Gen. Wald said he and Nigerian officials, including Deputy Defence Minister Roland
Oritsejafor, discussed finding "a way that we can cooperate together in monitoring the waters off the Gulf of
Guinea." Gen. Wald called it a "hugely important" issue to nations bordering the Gulf.
"It is up to the political leaders, if they decide it is in their common interests to protect the area, we will support that," he said. The publication has suggested US help could include naval vessels, communications equipment and training, as well as a counter terrorism base in the Gulf of Guinea.
Earlier this year, the United States funded a feasibility study on the creation of a possible deep-water port at the
island nation of Sao Tome and Principe, off Nigeria. Nigeria, Africa's largest oil exporter, is the world's No. 7 oil
exporter and the fifth-biggest source of US oil imports.
Surrounding nations in the Gulf of Guinea likewise are increasing production amid a West Africa oil boom, as the United States, Europe and Asia look for alternatives to oil from the politically volatile Middle East.
Asked whether the United States was willing to help stem attacks against Nigeria's oil industry, Gen. Wald said, "Wherever there's evil, we want to get there and fight it."
Nigeria's oil industry has been beset by armed attacks from militants -- many seeking a share of the country's oil
wealth -- that at times in the past year shut down 10 % to 40 % of Nigeria's daily production of 2.5 mm barrels of
"Where you have wealth, if you don't protect it, you are vulnerable to terrorists and illegal arms dealers and so you are not safe," he said.
The West and Central African regions produce 15 % of US oil imports, a figure that could rise to 20 % in the next decade "if it remains attractive to investment," according to a US Congress-commissioned report by the Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies.
The study urged Washington to increase intelligence and counter-terrorism efforts in Africa. It also should increase
funding for training of African armies from $ 10 mm to $ 100 mm, with an equal amount devoted to African peace
initiatives, the analysts said.
Gen. Wald said the United States was interested in expanding training and "potentially" helping equip regional peacekeepers to stem conflicts themselves. Three African nations were singled out by the Congress-commissioned report as facing the most dire terrorism threats in Africa -- Sudan, Somalia and Nigeria. They each have large Muslim populations and the authors recommended "expanding engagement" with them.