China to increase nuclear power capacity by 23,000 MW in 15 years

Nov 04, 2007 01:00 AM

The Chinese State Council has officially approved a plan to expand the country's installed capacity of nuclear generating units by 23 mm kW from 2005 to 2020, according to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
Building the newly installed generating units with a combined capacity of 23 mm kW will cost total investment of yuan 450 bn (about $ 60 bn).

According to the plan, submitted by NDRC, China will have an installed nuclear power capacity of 40 mm kW on the mainland by 2020. By then, its annual nuclear power generation capacity will reach 260-280 bn kWh. The ratio of installed nuclear power capacity will be increased by half to account for 4 % of China's total installed power generating capacity.
Currently, nuclear power capacity on the mainland stood at 16.97 mm kW, with 11 nuclear generating units in operation involving a combined capacity of 9.07 mm kW and another eight units under construction.

The country has selected 13 sites for the new nuclear plants, whichare all located in coastal areas, including four in Zhejiang Province, one in Jiangsu Province, three in Guangdong Province, two in Shandong Province and the other three in Liaoning and Fujian provinces and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, according to the plan.
The NDRC said the government is considering to build a nuclear plant respectively in Shandong, Fujian and Guangxi, where no nuclear power plants exist at present.

The country is also doing research work for building nuclear plants in inland regions, including Hubei, Jiangxi and Hunan provinces. The plan said the country would design, build and operate the MW pressurized water reactors on its own while introducing and absorbing advanced foreign technologies.
China has reached an agreement in July with the US-based Westinghouse Electric to build four nuclear power plants in China and transfer core technologies for third-generation AP1000 reactors.

China's first third-generation pressurized water reactors adopting Westinghouse technology, built in Sanmen of east China's Zhejiang Province, will be put into commercial operation at the end of 2013.
China now has 11 nuclear power reactors in operation. Among them, 3 use domestic technologies, 2 are equipped with Russian technology and 4 with French technologies, and 2 are Canadian designed. All the 11 reactors employ second-generation nuclear power technologies.

China is the world's second-largest power consumer after the United States, with about 80 % of the total generating capacity coming from coal-fired generators.
Experts said the development of the clean nuclear power would relieve the nation's reliance on coal.

Source: Xinhua News Agency
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