Iran’s strategy for natural gas

Jun 28, 2015 12:00 AM

By HEDAYAT OMIDVAR
Member of IGU Gas Advocacy Task Force (TF2), Head of Communication Affairs with Science & Research Centers, Research & Technology Dept., National Iranian Gas Company

Guidelines

Using natural gas as a heating fuel is one of the various uses of this invaluable fuel. The real and major importance of natural gas can be realized regarding the natural gas plentiful added value and its capabilities for being converted into thousands of valuable economic commodities in the oil and petrochemicals industry as the primary material and the energy resource. The growing need for gas to provide energy and fuel, and the foreign currency resulted from sales and export for investment and launching primary industries in the country, reinforced the idea of bundling gas industry related activities. Therefore, in line with this, and based on the legal statute, NIGC as one of the four major subsidiaries of Iran's Oil Ministry was established. The initial capital of the company amounted to $25 million, in 1965.

Since its establishment, NIGC has gradually achieved capabilities and managed to have access to various sources and facilities such as experts and efficient human force equipped with scientific and theoretical vision and knowledge, tools, equipment, machinery and various advanced workshops for implementing its operations proportionate with the economic and social development trend of the country, so that it can independently accomplish all the related tasks complying with the valid international acceptable standards.

Right now, The NIGC is one of the top ten gas companies in the gas industry in the Middle East, and one of the four major subsidiaries of the Oil Ministry. Having over 50years of experience, it is responsible for providing over 65 percent of the fuel required by the country. The company, in terms of providing gas, does own an important position both inside the country and abroad and proportionate with its needs and expansion of its activities in the country and abroad, it has taken measures to revise its structure. While maintaining and reinforcing its potential in hardware and software terms, the NIGC has recruited experts and trained staff and updated its experienced staff knowledge.

At the present time, the number of the NIGC permanent staff is more than 18000 persons

 

A Glance at the NIGC Administration and Organization Staff

The National Iranian Gas Company is comprised of seven directorates and one VP as follows:

1-      VP of Operations

2-      Financial Affairs Directorate

3-      Planning Directorate

4-      Research and Technology Directorate

5-      Human Resource Development Directorate

6-      Gas Distribution Directorate

7-      Natural Gas Distribution Coordination and Supervision Directorate(Dispatching)

8-      International Affairs Directorate

In addition to the mentioned directorates, there arethirteendepartments which directly report to the managing director as follows: Public Relations, Legal Affairs, Inspection and Complaint Consideration Affairs, Internal Auditing, Security, Assembly Affairs, Executive Affairs of Violation Investigation, Technical Inspection, Health, Safety and Environment (HSE), Information and Communication Technology, Commercial Expertise Affairs, Recruitment Affairs, and Structural EngineeringAffairs.

The Subsidiary Companies of the National Iranian Gas Company

The National Iranian Gas Company is also comprised of 54 subsidiary companies that each of them is active in different fields of natural gas industry with independent directorates. These companies are as follows:

a) Provincial Gas Companies

At present, there are 31 provincial gas companies throughout Iran which are responsible for gas delivery to the cities, villages, power plants, industries and commercial centers.

b) Gas Processing Companies

Gas processing companies act under the supervision of VP of Operations.The VPsupervises and utilizes thirteen processing plants. It is projected that through implementation of the development projects by 2025, the number of the gas processing companies is enhanced and based on this prediction, the total gas processing capacity of NIGC will add up to 1200 Million Cubic Meters (MMC) per day, provided that all processing development projects are realized by 2025. The gas processing companies which work under the supervision of this directorate are as follows:

1-      Bidboland I and Masjed Soleyman Gas processing plants with the capacity of 28.2 MMC per day

2-      Bidboland II Gas processing plant with the capacity of 57 MMC per day that is expected to be launched soon.

3-      Shahid Hasheminezhad Gas processing plant with the capacity of 58MMC per day

4-      Sarkhun and Qeshm Gas processing plant with the capacity of 17 MMC per day

5-      Parsian Gas processing plant with the capacity of 84 MMC per day

6-      Ilam Gas processing plant with the capacity of 6.8 MMC per day

7-      Fajr Jam gas processing plant with the capacity of 125 MMC per day

8-      South Pars Gas Complex Company including 5 processing plants with the capacity of 210 MMC per day

Iranian Gas Engineering and DevelopmentCompany

Iranian Gas Engineering and DevelopmentCompanyis one of the subsidiaries of the NIGC. Based on the executive system of oil industry projects, the company is responsible for the implementation of National Iranian Gas Company master plans. In terms of the volume of under implementation projects, the company is the biggest one in the NIGC and investsmost of the credits. The company is in charge of designing and construction of gas transmission pipelines,gas boosting stations, development of processing plants and infrastructure facilities.

The company is based on the executive system of oil industry projects and is authorized to deal with the following tasks according to the article 5 of the company statute:

1- Carrying out economic and feasibility studies of the projects left to the company.

2 - Carrying out fundamental and detailed engineering affairs and implementing all the projects left to the company.

3- Design, supervision and implementation of all the engineering and construction operations such as constructionand development of oil and gas production, collection and transfer systems, wellheadfacilities, processing plants and dehydration facilities, underground gas storage, transfer pipelines, gas supply and distribution, gas pressure boosting and reducing stations and C.N.G, telecommunication systems, pumping stations, constructional and infrastructural activities and several marine structures and their related facilities inside and outside the country

4- Performing all the required material procurement activities inside and outside the country

5- Carrying out all the scientific, technical, commercial and service activities required for the development of the company

IranianGas Transmission Company

Iranian Gas Transmission Company is one of the other subsidiaries of NIGC. Since the establishment of NIGC in 1965, Gas Transmission Company was active under the supervision of Gas processing and Transmission Company. In 2005, the transmission directorate was organizationally separated from the processing sector and in 2006 the Gas Transmission Company was established. The most important task of the company is receiving natural gas, Ethane, LPG and gas liquids from domestic and foreign production sources and transferring it to domestic production terminals and export terminals.

The Iranian Gas Transmission Company is comprised of seven managerial districts and 10 operational zones. The company is responsible for operation management of about 36000 km gas pipelines all over the country. It is noteworthy that the above-mentioned constructed pipelines which start from production resources to gas processing plants and continue up to the consumption points, are considered to be the main arteries of gas transfer throughout the country. It is obvious that the complexity and sensitivity of the job cannot only be sensed through referring to some figures in this regard.

However, it is noteworthy that having assurance of 600 MMC of natural gas transfer from the production regions to consumption points and export terminals could not be materialized without the efforts of more than4000 hardworking personnel and the management of 75high pressure boosting stations, the existence of 240 compressors andadministration of a modern telecommunication and telemetry network.

Iranian Underground Gas Storage Company

Iranian Underground Gas Storage is one of the other major subsidiary companies of the NIGC established in 2008 aiming at building and maintaining balance between the natural gas production and consumption in specific circumstances (sudden temperature drop) and also organizing, expanding, developing and speeding up underground gas storage activities in Iran. The company is responsible for continuing the current projects and defining new projects. It started momentum for surveying and studying in various parts of the country to identify potential underground structures suitable for gas storage; and studied 217 reservoirs over a year. At present, Shoorjeh and Sarajeh gas storage tanks with an annual capacity of 4 BCM is operational and the Qaqdis, Yortsha, Nasr Abad tank and SaxtarKuh Ahmadi are under different phases of study and implementation.

Iranian Gas Distribution Company

In line with the implementation of Article 44 of the Iranian Constitution and line 7 of the National Iranian Gas Company subsidiaries entrusting agenda, a company named Iranian Gas Distribution Company including 31 provincial gas companies was founded responsible for the following activities.

1)    Reception, distribution, transaction and commission of natural gas regarding the related rules

2)    Maintenance and administration of the operations related to the secondary lines, gas feeding and distribution networks, pressure-reducing stations, measurement stations, cathodic protection and other installations and building related to the company activities

3)    Offering services to the natural gas applicants and subscribers, gas sale according to the contract and endeavor to promote the quality of before and after sale services to the customers

4)    Devoting effort to establish the research system and strengthen the relationship with the scientific and research centers in order to reach the scientific and technological innovations and their implementation to answer the company needs

5)    Transportation, warehouse keeping, marketing, distribution and selling of the products and services of other investment-receiving companies and individuals and legal persons who are active in the production and commerce fields

6)    Offering technical, managerial, executive and financial services to the other investment-receiving companies

Iranian Gas Commerce Company

Iranian Gas Commerce Company as one of the other NIGC subsidiary companieswas established in 2008 in line with the macro objectives and policies to fulfillthe following detailed tasks:

  • Commerce activities including marketing, purchase, sales, import, export, goods and equipment commissioning and some hydrocarbon derivatives including natural gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG), Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), gas liquids, gas condensates, sulfur and other processing plants products
  • Carrying out goods-related tasks including warehouse keeping, customs formalities, and other relevant activities
  • Rendering technical and expertise services, goods technical inspection, updating and classifying goods, developing vendor lists and some other relevant activities

An Acquaintance with the Iranian Gas Industry

Iran Gas Industry

Having a glance at the writings of the ancient historians, one can realize that Iranians were the pioneers of using gas and oil derivatives. For example, the existence of the ruins of fireplaces and temples like the immortal fire near Kirkuk, Known as Bokht-Ul-Nasr torch was located near a natural gas reservoir. Zoroastrians' temple near Masjid ­Soleyman and historical narrations regarding Azargoshasb fireplace, all together is proof for this very claim. Ancient Iranians, based on the norms of their own religion, esteemed fire, and tried to keep it alive. In central and southern plateaus of Iran and the regions where dense woods existed, Iranians used some other things apart from wood taken from jungle to keep the holy fire alive and the nature of these regions with theabundant underground reserves made this effort easy.

Natural Gas Industry Birth

The basis of gas industry emerged in the USA and Europe was not natural gas, but it was the gas resulted from heating coal. The gas resulted from heating coal, which was used for lighting transformed the lifestyle of the people in the early 18th century. Working hours of factories increased and people could use lighting without having to buy and use expensive and hazardous candles; in this way, people could read newspapers and books.

Finally a Scottish inventor called William Mordak was the first person who found out that using gas as a source of energy was easier than using coal, because it could be transferred by ship and was easy to control, as well. In 1792, William Mordak managed to use gas in order to provide his own house lighting. Later on, in 1799 someone called Philip Lyon accomplished a test on the gas resulted from heating sawdust and coal. He registered the gas distillation methodresulted from wood.

Nevertheless, the French government refused to accept Philip Lyon's theory and viewpoint for expanding gas lighting system not until 1807 when for the first time Winsor used gas for lighting of London streets. At first, wooden pipes were used for transferring gas; however gradually some pipes such as cannon pipes related to the British Navy substituted for them.

In 1819, there was a pipeline of about 482 km, which supplied the required gas for about 50 thousand gas consumers. During those years, various activities commenced for utilizing gas in industry.

Although, Iranians were the pioneers of using gas and other oil derivatives, the first historical documents related to planned using of gas in Iran goes back to the era of Qajar and the kingdom of Naser-Al-Din Shah. In 1873, when king Naser-Al-Din Shah had a visit from London, he was surprised when he saw lights in the streets of London. Returning home, he ordered to construct and use gaslight factory.

In 1908, the first oil well drilled in Masjid Soleyman reached oil; and a huge amount of associated gas was flared due to the long distance between production sources and consumption origins on one hand and high cost of investment and low consumption rate in the south of Iran, on the other. But gradually oil reservoirs came into stream one by one and Iran thought of using natural gas for supplying the required uses of home sector, especially the houses of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) staff in oil-bearing regions such as Masjid Soleyman, Aghajari, Haftgel and Abadan. Even though the major activities of oil industry in those days included crude oil production, transmission and processing in southern Iran, agent companies carried out some limited activities for production and process of natural gas.

In Iran at first, just the oil was extracted while a plentiful amount of associate gas was also produced. From 1910 to 1960s, the associated gases were mainly flared. In early 1960s based on a contract signed with Russia, associated gases were gathered and transferred to Russia in lieu of constructing a steel mill in Iran. In fact, for 50 years the associated gases were flared without any use, but after gas export to Russia, the associated gases were supplied in Shiraz for the first time. In fact, Shiraz cement factory was the first factory which becamegas-fuelled and later on the gas network was expanded to some other cities in Iran. In this way, the gas which was uselessly flared for 50 years entered the gas distribution network and was used at home sector. Until no independent gas fields were discovered in Iran, it was natural to process and use associated gas in this way. Nevertheless, after discovery of some independent gas fields such as Kangan and South Pars, it was necessary to divide responsibilities regarding gas extraction between the NIOC and the NIGC. In other words, crude oil production, extraction, sales and export was left to the NIOC; and natural gas processing, transmission and distribution to the NIGC.

Around 50 years ago, the policies adopted by the NIOC paved the grounds for the NIOC to have access to technical and economic requirements to handle and restrain associated gases and consequently gather, process, transfer and sell them. Due to raising the issue of exporting gas to the foreign countries, comprehensive studies were completed and the project for the trans-Iranian gas pipeline known as IGAT I was implemented and came into stream. Due to the essentiality of leaving all the gas affairs to a single organization responsible for the determined responsibilities and objectives in future, and because of the general agreements between Iran and Former Soviet Union to expand economic cooperation in 1965 which led to inking a protocol in January, the same year, the issue of gas export was raised and the NIGC was established in March 1966 and started its activities. At present, the NIGC is one of the four major subsidiary companies of the Oil Ministry. The chairman of its general assembly is the esteemed president and the chairman of its Board of Directors is the Oil Minister.

The NIGC Strategic Objectives

The NIGC major objectives can be surveyed in two different sections: national and international.

In both sectors, the main principle is customer satisfaction and maximum productivity achievement.

In line with this and based on the outlook document (2025 horizon), the NIGC aims at ranking the third among natural gas producers in the world to achieve 8 to 10 percent of the global gas trade share. The second objective of the NIGC is ranking the first in the region in terms of gas technology.

Plans and policies of the NIGC in international level and ranking the third in the world and achieving a share of10 percent of natural gas trade in the world are as follows:

1-     Processing about 1200MCM per day of natural gas

2-     Enhancing natural gas share in the energy basket of the country by 70 percent, through substituting liquid oil products for natural gas

3-     Increasing natural gas export to regional and international markets through pipelines and other methods

4-     Attracting foreign investment through capital markets and/or joint projects

5-     Economic firms running vision and improving structure to maximize profitability and competition in international markets

6-     Maximization of the added value through using gas in energy consuming industries and/or establishment of industries like GTL

7-     Reinforcing private sector in downstream and gas distribution industries

8-     Cooperation with the countries in the region in production and transmission affairs

9-     Impressing gas management status in the region

10-   Benefiting from natural gas adjusted pricing system

Top Five Gas Reserve Holder countries in the World by the End of 2013

Unit: Trillion Cubic Meters

Iran

33.8

Russia

31.3

Qatar

24.7

Turkmenistan

17.5

USA

9.3

 

Iran’s Ranking in the World’sGas Reserves

Economy prosperity in the world requires rich sources of energy. Various survey indicate that by 2050 hydrocarbon resources will be still the most major sources of supplying energy. Examining the trend of these resources and their geographical distribution indicates that only the five countries in the Persian Gulf region -the Islamic Republic of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq and United Arab Emirates- will be the major oil producing countries. In addition, Iran, Russia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates will be the major gas producing countries by 2025.

Gas reserves, like oil reserves, are categorized in three groups: proven reserves, probable reserves and possible reserves. The volume of the proven natural gas reserves has tripled over the last three decades. That is to say, the proven gas reserves from about 72Trillion Cubic Meters (TCM) in 1970 has reached over 186 TCM at the end of 2013 and Iran with about 34 TCM and 18 percent share of the world gas reserves ranks the first among the reservoir holders.

Among the operated gas reservoirs in Iran, two reservoirs namely Maroun Khami located in Southeast of Ahwaz and South Pars are of extreme importance. Especially, South Pars as the second and most important gas reservoir of Iran owns 50 percent of the country’s whole gas reserves and more than 8 percent of the world’s.

Top Ten Gas Reserve Holder Countries in the World in 2013

Item

Country Name

Proved Reserves by the End of 2013 (Trillion Cubic Meters)

Partial Share (Percent)

1

Iran

33.8

18.2

2

Russia

31.3

16.8

3

Qatar

24.7

13.3

4

Turkmenistan

17.5

9.4

5

United States of America

9.3

5

6

Saudi Arabia

8.2

4.4

7

United Arab Emirates

6.1

3.3

8

Venezuela

5.6

3

9

Nigeria

5.1

2.7

10

Algeria

4.5

2.4

 

Iran's Position in the World Production Basket and Gas Consumption

According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) reports, by 2030 in the 30 countries which will form the great Europe, natural gas demand among other initial energies will grow significantly and from 450 million tons of oil equivalent in 2003 will reach 760 million tons of oil equivalent in 2030. It is noteworthy that demand for natural gas in the great Europe was just 110 million tons of oil equivalents in 1970.

Studying the status of natural gas production and distribution indicates that when demand for natural gas in the earlier-mentioned 30 countries in Europe increases gradually, the dependence on the imported gas resources will dramatically rise. In line with this and based on the results of the studies conducted by lEA, while Europe was not in need of importing gas by 1973, in the year 2000 a high percentage of the 520 BCM gas supplied to Europe (30 members) was provided through importing gas from non-European countries. In 2030, the Europe will depend on importing natural gas more than ever. In 2030, natural gas production in great Europe is estimated to be less than 300 BCM. Whereas, around 600 BCM of natural gas is imported to Europe from outside the European Union.

In this way, European Union's share for importing natural gas which was almost zero in 1970, reached around 36% in 2005 and is forecasted to add up to 70% by 2030.

Iran’s position among the world’s top ten natural gas consuming countries in the world in 2013

Item

Country Name

Consumption (Billion Cubic meters)

Partial Percent

1

United States of America

732.2

22.2

2

Russia

413.5

12.3

3

Iran

122.2

4.8

4

China

161.6

4.8

5

Japan

116.9

3.5

6

Canada

103.5

3.1

7

Saudi Arabia

103

3.1

8

Germany

83.6

2.5

9

Mexico

82.7

2.5

10

England

73.1

2.2

 

Iran’s position among the world’s top ten natural gas producing countries in the world in 2013

Item

Country Name

Production (Billion Cubic meters)

Partial Percent

1

United States of America

687.6

20.6

2

Russia

604.8

17.9

3

Iran

166.6

4.9

4

Qatar

158.5

4.7

5

Canada

154.8

4.6

6

China

117.1

3.5

7

Saudi Arabia

103

3

8

Algeria

57.6

2.3

9

Indonesia

70.4

2.1

10

Netherlands

68.7

2

 

Iranian Gas Market privileges and advantages

1-      The shortest route to global markets

2-      Having the huge infrastructures for transferring gas abroad

3-      The minimum required investment

4-      Possibility of transit to Turkey, Europe and Persian Gulf region countries

5-      Possibility of gas swap to the adjacent countries

6-      Existence of potential major consumers

7-      Owning 34 TCM proven gas reserves and ranking the second among gas owning countries with the current trend by the next hundred years

8-      Ranking the third among producers that will rank the second in fifteenyears

9-      Having necessary infrastructures for gas export and swap and transit to Europe, East Asia and Persian Gulf region countries

Enhancement of Iran's 8 to 10 Percent Share in the Global Gas Trade

It is the policy of the NIGC to enhance Iran's current share in the total global gas trade to reach 8 percent. At present, processing and dehydration capacity of the Iran's gas processing plants is about 600 MCM per day; however, based on the Fifth Development Plan it is to reach 1200 MCM per day. At present, Iran's share in gas trade including export, import, swap,transit, and bartering gas for electricity is around 2 percent. However, Iran's share in natural gas global trade is to reach 10% by 2025. Currently, the NIGC meets more than 65 percent of the country’s energy needs through its oil and gas product basket.The objective is having access to 1200 MCM per day of gas production, 70 thousand km of high pressure pipelines and achieving 8 to 10 percent of gas global trade in the next 15 years. In line with the implementation of Article 44 of the Iranian Constitution, one of the priorities of the NIGC is privatization of the company. On this basis, all the logistics, technical, maintenance and procurementservices, power generators, pipelines and access roads to them are supposed to be left to the private sector. With respect to the fact that Iranian companies can meet almost all the needs of the industry, they are to construct high-pressure stations, observing the world's latest standards such API. Therefore, in order to access gas production of 1200 MCM per day of gas, in addition to new financial sources, promotion of the domestic private sector capabilities is needed.

A Glance at the NIGC Production and Processing Facilities in Line with Achieving a Premium Rank in the Global Trade Balance

Natural Gas Processing

With respect to the natural gas share in the fossil energy carrier basket and the 47 year valuable experiences in the gas industry activities in terms of hardware and software, the NIGC has a high potential and is considered to be among the major gas companies in Iran and the Middle East. As much as consumption rate has gone up, and based on the horizons developed in the development outlook document, natural gas production, processing and dehydration capacity has had a growing trend to meet the new requirements. Without operating its development projects, the NIGC is capable of processing 600MCM per day of gas. As mentioned earlier, at present, the NIGC is responsible for the management and operation of seven independent and private processing companies. According to the estimations, by 2025, the number of gas processing companies is supposed to increase through carrying out development projects. Predictions indicate that in case all the gas processing development projects are materialized, by the end of 2025, the total processing capacity of the NIGC will amount to over 1200 MCM per day.

Natural Gas Transfer

Natural gas transfer from production origins and processing plants to various consumption points in various sectors of gas industry is of high sensitivity and importance. The total length of high-pressure gas transfer pipelines in Iran is around 36 thousand km. The pipeline's transfer capacity is estimated to be 600MCM per day based on the decisions adopted in the framework of the twenty-year outlook document, the length of pipeline from 36 thousand km should reach 70 thousand km. Hence, the Iranian Gas Transmission Company as one of the subsidiaries of the NIGC benefits from all vast executive- logistic facilities and various machinery to implement general projects in the realm of engineering, fundamental and detailed designing gas especially in relation with designing gas transfer pipelines, supply and distribution networks, pressure reduction stations allover the country while observing international standards.

Iranian Gas Transmission Company, which enjoys 75 active gas pressure-boosting stations, has taken measures to boost gas transmission capacity to meet the requirements of both domestic and export sectors through planning for construction of new stations. In case the above- mentioned projects 35,200 km of pipeline by 2025 are materialized, our pipelines will benefit from 140 active stations. The status of Iran's strategic gas reserves in south coast of Iran and the existence of common gigantic South Pars gas field shared with Qatar has made the Pars Special Energy Zone so important.

Iran's share from gas reserves in South Pars is estimated to stand at around 14.2 TCM (around 8 percent of the world's total gas reserves and 50 percent of Iran's gas reserves). Taking into consideration all the above - mentioned points, the Pars Special Energy Zone's position and role in development of the economy of the country is undeniable.

The most important investment opportunities in the NIGC plans

Item

Project Title

Explanation

Building Duration

Estimated Investment Credit (Million Dollars)

1

The 9th trans-Iranian Pipeline

Construction of a 1800-km, 56-inchpipeline along Assaluyeh-Bazargan border , 16 gas pressure booster stations with a total 1725 Mega Watt power

2

 

 

5137

 

2

gas pressure booster stations of the 7th trans-Iranian Gas Pipeline

Construction of 13  gas pressure booster stations with a total 100 Mega Watt power

2

 

 

322

3

SangBast  gas pressure booster stations

The power of the station is 50 Mega Watts with a (1+1)  unit arrangement

2

 

73

4

2nd Phase of the Ilam Gas processing plant

Processing 3.4 mcm of gas and production of 66 thousand tons of Ethane, 111 thousand tons of C+3, 126 thousand tons of C+5 and 51 thousand tons of sulfur

2

 

147

5

Gevarzin-Bandar Abbass Pipeline

70 kilometers and 20inches

2

 

18

6

Gas distribution to Sistan-Baluchestan Province

Construction of a 260-km, 36-inch  pipeline along Iranshahr- Zahedan, the  Khash 85 km, 16-inch  pipeline, the Iranshahr-Delgan junction 281 km, 56-inch  pipeline, the Chahbahar 60 km, 42-inch  pipeline, Zahedan-Zabol junction 80 km, 36-inch  pipeline, the Zabol 120 km, 20-inch  pipeline, networking for 202 thousand urban, and 82 thousand rural households of the Zahedan, Khash, Chabahar and Zabol cities and the conversion of the Iranshahr steam power plant

4

 

 

1600

7

Gas distribution to the rest of the cities and villages

Gas distribution to 2363 thousand households using pipelines and other methods

3

 

4738

 

 

Natural Gas Distribution and Consumption

Besides Iran's integrated and vast gas distribution network in home and business sector which consumes the lion’s share of the produced and processed natural gas, there are some other sectors including power plants, major industries and petrochemicals that consume a significant amount of the processed gas. The share of gas in the country’s oil and gas product basket has reached 65 percent so far and is expected to continue to grow in the near future.

Until the present time, the total length of over 263 thousand km urban gas distribution network has been constructed which is responsible for providing gas to 1026 cities and17330 villages. At present, around 22.3 millionhouseholds enjoy natural gas.

 

The author is Member of IGU Gas Advocacy Task Force (TF2), Head of Communication Affairs with Science & Research Centers, Research & Technology Dept., National Iranian Gas Company
No.29-Southern Aban St. - Karimkhan Ave.-Tehran-1598753113-Iran
Tel:+98-21-81315646
Fax:+98-21-81315682
Email: omidvar@nigc.ir

Source: omidvar@nigc.ir
Alexander's Commentary

Change of face - change of phase

In the period of July 20 till August 3, 2015, Alexander will be out of the office and the site will not or only irreg

read more ...
« December 2019 »
December
MoTuWeThFrSaSu
1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31

Register to announce Your Event

View All Events