A new fuel produced from water and carbon

Oct 14, 1998 02:00 AM

Toups Technology Licensing (TTL) announced the scientific documentation of AquaFuel Technology: AquaFuel is a reliable, inexpensive, non-polluting gas which is a viable, immediately available replacement for fossil-based fuels. TTL licenses technologies primarily in the energy, environment and natural resource market segments. The Company also makes acquisitions of existing companies which compliment TTL's technology mix.

Since November 1, 1997, the Company has been engaged in scientific documentation relating to the characteristics of the AquaFuel Technology.
The AquaFuel process results in the production of a gas originally identified by patent owner William H. Richardson Jr. The AquaFuel process encompasses an electric discharge on carbon rods within ordinary, sea or other forms of water. The discharge decomposes the carbon rods, separates the water and creates a plasma of mostly ionised hydrogen, oxygen and carbon atoms at about 5,000 degrees C.
The atoms combine in various forms, cool down in the water surrounding the discharge and bubble to the surface where they are collected and stored.

The AquaFuel Technology is covered by US Patent 5,435,274 "Electrical Power Generation Without Harmful Emissions"; US Patent 5,692,459 "Pollution Free Vehicle Operation"; US Patent 5,792,325 "Electric Arc Material Processing System"; US Patent 5,826,548 "Power Generation without Harmful Emissions"; and other US Patents Pending.
Toups Technology has secured the exclusive world- wide rights to all applications covered by the above listed patents.

AquaFuel is inherently safe to produce and store because all oxygen resulting from the separation of the water is combined with the carbon and it is then released only during combustion.

AquaFuel is easy to produce anywhere desired because of the simplicity of the equipment.

AquaFuel can be produced in a large column with consumer-oriented equipment, while unlimited volume can be produced on industrial plants.

All bacteriological activitiesceased to exist in 3 gallons of sewage following 1 minute of exposure to the AquaFuel apparatus.

The AquaFuel process provides a new viable form of recycling sewage either by municipalities or by individual households.

An engine running on AquaFuel would have to operate for over 210,000 hours to equal the amount of CO produced in 1 hour while being fuelled by gasoline.

It should be also noted that AquaFuel could be used as a fuel without any catalytic converter and the emission exhausts would still meet EPA requirements.

The minimal value of the energy content of AquaFuel produced from tap water is 380 BTU/cf.

The energy content of AquaFuel from tap water has resulted to be higher than that of hydrogen (300 BTU/cf).

The minimal value of the energy content of BioMassAquaFuel (6.8 lb brown sugar dissolved in 1 gallon water) is 532 BTU/cf.

AquaFuel emerges as a combustible fuel with better ecological features of any other fuel. In fact, all conventional fossil fuels need large amounts of oxygen to burn and release no appreciable oxygen in the combustion exhausts, thus being the primary, undisputed cause of the atmospheric oxygen depletion.

Oxygen consumption for BioAquaFuel is 5 %, which is less than one-third of the oxygen consumption by natural gas.

AquaFuel has the best exhaust characteristics second to no other available fuel (including hydrogen), as well as the smallest oxygen consumption (for instance, natural gas uses 213 % more Oxygen than AquaFuel). As a result, AquaFuel is one of the most environmental friendly fuels in all respects, including pollutants, atmospheric oxygen depletion, health problems and other factors.

Preliminary tests performed using a 1987 Ford Tempo which had been converted to research on natural gas and included a number of measurements via on-board sensors were taken with the following findings:
1. The outstanding combustion exhausts indicated negative readings, that is, recycling of pollutants in the air.
2. A number of octanes of AquaFuel resulted to be higher than 160, the upper limit of the measuring equipment.
3. A reduction of the temperature of the exhaust pipes from 1,340 degrees F for natural gas to 1,160 degrees F for AquaFuel.

The results of the tests establish that AquaFuel can be successfully used to power combustible engines used in cars and trucks.

The cost of the electricity needed to produce AquaFuel has been measured at $ 0.02/cf under the use of 3 welders in series absorbing 39 kW with a discharge at 60V DC and AquaFuel production of 151cfph. Said cost is expected to decrease considerably via the use of power units specifically built for the process.

When AquaFuel results from recycling waste-water, the cost of AquaFuel is $ 0.00.

When compared with acetylene as a cutting gas, the tests have established that AquaFuel is a preferable fuel for metal cutting even when produced from tap water, with better characteristics expected for AquaFuel with higher energy content.

Initial measures of the primary AquaFuel characteristics have yielded the following numerical values:
- energy content of at least 380 BTU/cf;
- molecular weight of 15.24 lbm/mole,
- specific gas constant of 101.4 ft-lbf/lbm- deg;
- correction factor for flow meter of 0.942.

The production of AquaFuel increases nonlinearly with the increase of the discharge voltage and it is at least 20 % more efficient with an AC discharge operating at 20 Hertz as compared to a DC discharge with the same electric energy.

The new chemical structure of AquaFuel implies the emergence of new technologies such as new methods for gas liquefaction, new types of fuel cells, enhanced thermochemical reactions and new methods of producing magnetically polarised gases.

1. AquaFuel is cost competitive, has dramatically less pollutant in the combustion exhaust, and can be more easily and safely produced and stored anywhere desired than any other combustible gas, even neglecting its free production as a by product of sewage recycling;

2. In view of theabove characteristics, AquaFuel is one of the best, if not the best fuel available at this writing for automotive and other uses on a world-wide basis, with particular reference to consumer, but also for municipal industrial and military applications.

3. The AquaFuel process provides a basically novel method for recycling liquid waste which produces AquaFuel as a usable gas, water usable for irrigation and solids usable for fertilisation;

4. AquaFuel is an excellent gas for the production of electricity, particularly in the free form obtained from the recycling of liquid waste from cities and municipalities;

5. Systematic scientific experimentations and theoretical studies have identified a number of anomalies in AquaFuel which are applicable to all other gases, thus permitting a new gas technology with implications and applications to the entire gas industry and consequentially vast, additional economic horizons.

Commercialization.

The Company is now engaged in the construction of the following products for sale:

The consumer home power generator. A unit approximately the size of a large air conditioning unit designed to be plugged into a 120V outlet overnight so as to produce AquaFuel. The liquid medium used is the daily household sewage which collects in the apparatus during the course of the day. The AquaFuel is captured and stored in a tank. Each morning, the homeowner disengages conventional power source by switching main circuit breakers and engages the AquaFuel powered generator to provide all daytime electricity needs. The homeowner discharges the recycled water into the municipalities' wastewater system and the process begins again.

The overnight automotive power generator. Available for conventional cars retrofit for AquaFuel in a manner similar to that used to retrofit cars to natural gas. A unit approximately the size of a large air conditioning unit designed to be plugged into a 120V outlet overnight so as to produce AquaFuel. The liquid medium used is the daily household sewage which collects in the apparatus during the course of the day. The AquaFuel is captured and stored in a tank. Each morning, the consumer refills the automotive tanks with the AquaFuel produced overnight providing enough fuel for typical daily usage. The automobile owner discharges the recycled water into the municipalities' wastewater system and the process begins again.

AquaFuel Desk-Top Production Unit. A unit approximately the size of a large briefcase which encompasses the production and storage of AquaFuel. The unit is designed to demonstrate the concept and practical production methods of AquaFuel for sale to high school and college laboratories as well as interested persons world-wide.

Recycling Demonstrator. A unit identical in shape to a six-foot-long, twelve-inch-diameter pipe into which polluted water is introduced at the point of entry, passes through the AquaFuel process (electric arc across carbon rods in water) and cleaned water leaves at a point of debarkation.

"A stated goal of TTL has been to use our technologies for the improvement of our planet and the protection of our natural resources," said TTL CEO Leon Toups. "We are proud to be at the forefront of delivering the fuel for the next century: AquaFuel. The implications of our science that the AquaFuel process can clean polluted waterways while producing a reliable, affordable, pollution-free fuel for both consumer and industrial uses goes a long way toward helping us achieve our stated goal. In our commercialisation phase we now intend to engineer the application that can be scaled up for practical use."

Source: not available
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