China wants 60,000 alternative-energy vehicles on roads by 2012
China, the world's second-biggest oil user, plans to have 60,000 alternative-energy vehicles on the roads in 10
cities by 2012 to cut pollution and fuel imports.
The government will support automakers' research in the area through financial assistance and preferential policies, Science Minister Wan Gang said in Chongqing. It may also give subsidies and tax breaks to organizations and people buying the vehicles, said Wang Baoan, a Finance Ministry official.
"Running alternative-fuel vehicles in government-funded projects is the most efficient way of promoting the
development of the technology," Wan said. The government is seeking other cities in which to implement similar
programs, he said.
China has encouraged local automakers to invest in developing hybrid cars and fuel cells to help reduce emissions, and because of rising global demand for fuel-efficient cars. Global vehicle ownership is likely to rise 22 % to about 1 bn by 2020, according to General Motors.
"Companies that can withstand the current difficulties and come up with new technologies will be able to claim a
leading position in the industry," Wan said.
Wan spoke at a ceremony to mark Chongqing city's purchase of 10 hybrid cars made by Changan Automotive (Group). The western Chinese city will also provide yuan 20 mm ($ 2.9 mm) to Changan Auto to help fund research into alternative energies, said Xu Liuping, the carmaker's chief executive officer.
The central government may subsidize public agencies that use alternative-energy vehicles because of the higher
purchase costs, said Wang. The funding may be extended to consumers later, he added. Tax breaks are under
consideration as well, he said.
Automobiles account for about half of the total oil consumption in China, the world's largest vehicle market behind the US. That may rise to 60 % by 2020, according to the Development Research Centre of the State Council.